ملخص قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للصف السادس

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تاريخ الإضافة 2021-04-04, 13:23 مساء

ملخص قواعد اللغة الانجليزية للصف السادس

Negation  النفي 

ا. مع الأفعال المساعدة الأتية نستخدم not ونضعها بعد الفعل المساعد 

am - is - are - was - ere - has - have - had -can. could - will

would - shall - should - must - may - might

Ex. - He can swim

He can not swim. (can't) (Make negative)

They are playing

They are not playing . (aren't)

قبل الفعل و نحذف ال (s). | doesn ' t [2- 

مع فعل مضارع اخره حرف (s) نستخدم قبل الفعل و نحذف ال (s) doesnt 2-  

Ex Ali plays football. Ali doesn't play football

3- مع فعل مضارع ليس آخره (s) نستخدم ('dont) قبل الفعل ولا نحذف شیئا. 

Ex. I go to the club

I don't go to the club

4. مع فعل ماضي نستخدم و نعيد الفعل للمصدر. قبل الفعل didn ' t 

She cooked lunch

She didn't cook lunch

I bought some books

I didn't buy any books

5. نحذف الكلمة always - usually -. sometimes - مع الكلمات نفسها و نضع never بدلا منها و لانحذف ال (s) 

Ex. She always gets up late. She never gets up late
 

 
( Ask a question ) عمل سؤال 

1. أعيد هذه الأفعال المساعدة إلى بداية الجملة : 

am - is - are - was - were - has - have - had - can - could - will - would - shall - should - must - may - might 

Ex. He can swim

Can he swim

 .They are playing tennis in the club

ملاحظة : نحذف الشيء الذي نسأل عنه. 

Where are they playing tennis

2 مع فعل مضارع بسيط آخره حرف (s) نستخدم ( does) أول الجملة و نحذف ال( s) من الفعل 

Ali travels to London every summer

When does Ali travel to London

3- مع فعل مضارع ليس آخره (s) نستخدم (do) أول الجملة و يبقى الفعل كما هو 

ملاحظة : نحول (1) و (we) إلى (you) 

Ex. I go to the club twice a week

How often do you go to the club

و مع فعل ماضي نستخدم (did) أول الجملة و نعيد الفعل للمصدر

Ex We went to London by plane

How did you go to London

ملاحظة : نحول (my ) و ( our) إلى ( your) 

السؤال ب هل يكون الجواب نعم أو لا. (No or Yes ) 

 

( Tag Questions) 

1- تأتي اخر الجملة بعد الفاصلة وتنتهي بعلامة استفهام. 

You are a student ...aren't you

You are not Ali....are you

Ali is not here...is hem

Huda is clever ...isn't..he

ان تكون مختصرة في حالة النفي. 

إليك هذا الجدول بأهم الأسئلة التوكيدية الدارجة (Tag Questions)

Huda can swim, can't she

You can't speak Spanish, can you

Ali will come soon, won't he

He won't travel next summer, will he

I am not a doctor, am I

He has finished his homework, hasn't he

He has a car, doesn't he

She's gone to school, hasn't she

She's playing tennis, isn't she

Mary doesn't know Arabic, does she

Your father went to the mosque didn't he

We don't go to school on Fridays , do we

Students go to school on Sunday, don't they

 I'd better sleep early, hadn't I

KI'd better = I had better) I'd rather go home, wouldn't I

(I'd rather = I would rather)

حالات شاذة 

Let's go shopping .shall we

Let us go shopping, will you

Open the door will you

 Don't Open the door, will you

I am a student, aren't I
 

المبني للمجهول Passive Voice 

نضع المفعول به کاملا أول الجملة ولا نذكر الفاعل إلا إذا كان ضروريا 

 1. نضع (is)  للمفرد و (are) للجمع  للماضي البسيط . 

2. نضع ( was ) للمفرد و(were) للجمع 

3. نضع (be) بعد ( - shall - should - mtist - may - might ۰ will - World - can . could ). 

4. نضع (been ) بعد have , has - had

5. نضع (being) بعد were - wais - are . is  • am 

نحول الفعل إلى التصريف الثالث في جميع الحالات. 

Examples

 We keep falcons for hunting

Falcons are kept for hunting

- I write my homework everyday

My homework is written everyday

 Thieves stole a precious painting from the museum

A precious painting was stolen from the museum

. The govemments prepared our schools very well

Our schools were prepared very well

 The man will build a big house next year

A big house will be built next year

 Students should respect teachers

Teachers should be respected

- Huda has finished the exams

The exams have been finished

 We have finished the English exam

The English exam has been finished

 . We are studying English now

English is being studied now

-We are playing many sports in the club

Many sports are being played in the club

ملاحظة: نحول ( have إلى has ) و ( are إلى is ) و( were إلى was ) إذا كان المفعول به مفرد و العكس إذا كان المفعول به جمع .
 

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