كتاب الطالب Moral – Social – Culture اللغة الانكليزية الصف الثامن الفصل الأول

الصف الصف الثامن
الفصل لغة انجليزية الصف الثامن
المادة انجليزي الصف الثامن الفصل الاول
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عدد الزيارات 1742
تاريخ الإضافة 2021-10-15, 18:56 مساء

كتاب الطالب Moral – Social – Culture اللغة الانكليزية الصف الثامن الفصل الأول


Read a text on the concept of community and its components. Then, discuss the     points that follow

The basic component Of any community is the individual. A community is a number Of individuals living in one area and interacting among themselves with a shared culture, profession, political system, or faith. Three elements characterise a community and distinguish it from other cornmunities: individuals, area and relationships

However. being in a ccynmunity is not unique to human tæings. animal groups also rely on their communities to improve their chances Of survival. Moreover, animal communities display behaviours such as cc*lective care the young, cm'peration to find focxi and collective defence Of their territory

A group is a social unit consisting of at least three Lkople connected by relationships based on fulfilling material and moral needs. Groups may form a community conn«ted by language. culture, pc*itical. "Kial systems and common There are two of groups: primary groups and secondary groups. Primary groups are considered groups of belonging because the individual tklongs to them automatically. These groups are united by very strong emotional relationships, such as those between family members. S«ondary groups are those that individuals join voluntarily

They are called reference such as and. volunteer institutions. Relationships members of these groups are often less emotional because they are rational and by rules. Also, it is worth mentioning that membership of a secondary group is usually You to your school, your football team, your club or the orchestra where you play a musical instrument for a certain Lk•ricxi

a. Write some examples of human values that govern the relationships between group members and contribute to the continuity of the group

b. From the text. identify some of the benefits that an individual gains from belonging to the community group

 


4 Historical events may occur in a country and change its s«ial structure. Read the text about. changes to the structure in the UAE. Then, discuss the points that follow

The discovery of oil in the UAE community led to several fundamental to all of its community systems and relationships. Kinships, which relied on extended family or tribe and used to determine the status and of a person, have changed. Moreover, new variables have emer#d to become the main determinants of a person's status and position. The most prominent of these variables are education, the emergence of the nuclear family and the change to many values and roles within the family. Furthermore, openness to the outside world has to fundamental changes in the roles and status of family New scrial segments in the UAE community, which were not present t*fore the discovery of oil. This is the presence of the modern state and the development of its management institutions have led to a massive increase in the number of employees. Because of a scarcity of lcxal the state needed foreign workers who flowed into various departments and sectors These new foreign workers from different nationalities (more than nationalities) have an role in the development of community and the diversity of culture and values

a. Research the Industrial Revolution and its impact on European social structures

Notonly does the social structure of a community change, but may also change as the community expands. Read the text from the National Archives of the UAE. Then, discuss the points that follow

The late Sheikh Zayed (may God have mercy upon him) emphasised the of the federation when he ruler of Abu Dhabi on 6 August 1%6. He said: "In harmony and in some sort of federation, we could follow the example of other developing countries.• The importance of the federation and the need to work in cooperation with the other Emirates have been the pillars of his mandate. Despite his full awareness that the Union was a modern concept for the region, he had a firm conviction that it could be established, based on the mutual ties between the different Emirates and the history and the they have shared for centuries. Sheikh Zayed worked on translating his principles and ideas federation, cooperation and mutual support into action. This was uhieved by allocating a large part of Abu Dhabi's income from oil to the Trucial States Development Fund the establishment of the UAE as a federation


4 The role of education does not depend only on the family and school, especially in cases of people of determination. Read the summary of Loretta Claibornes life story and an overview of Timothy Shriver's on the Special Olympics to di"over the role that voluntary asociations can play in education

Loretta Claitx'rne was in 1953 in Pennsylvania. She was the middle daughter in a poor family of seven children raised by a single mother. She was born partially blind and suffered from an intellectual disability. She did not or walk until she was four years old. During her childhocxi years. Claiborne endured bullying and harassment from the children around her because of her differences. As a result of often having to run away from her bullies , she discovered the pleasure of running. She was then, introduced to the Special Olympics by the social specialist Janet McFarland. The Special Olympics were founded by MS Eunice Kennedy Shriver, sister of former US President John F. Kennedy. The organisation started "Camp Shriver- designed to provide young people with intellectual disabilities the opportunity to integrate with athletes without intellectual disabilities in an environment that develops their scxial interaction and motor skills. Claitx»rne went on to cross the finish line in 26 marathons. She was also twice ranked among the top women at the Boston Marathon. She has re-ceived many medals and awards for her a-chievements in Running was not the only Ktivity Claiborne was in; she achieved the fourth-level black tklt in karate, mastered four including American Sign and received two honorary doctorates from two universities in the United States. Consequently, she became the most highly decorated p„erson with intellectual disability in the world

a. Write about three UAE athletes who participated in the Special Olympics


 

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