7.Read about the history of transportation. Read the statements. Decide if they are True or False.
Circle the correct answers.
The earliest form of public transport was on water. Boats and rafts made of reeds, wood and animal skins were used in Egypt and South America. In about 4000 BCE, boats with sails were used in Mesopotamia (now Iraq).
Early Chinese engineers began to build canals for carrying boats in the fifth century BCE. The first important canal in Europe was the Canal du Midi in France, completed in 1681.
The railway age began in Britain with Richard Trevithick’s steam railway locomotive in 1814. The first passenger railway opened in 1825 in the north of England. At first, people worried that they wouldn’t be able to breathe when travelling at speeds of 25 kilometres per hour!
The first buses were introduced in France in 1827 by Stanilas Baudry. They were pulled by horses and they were called voitures omnibus. The first motor car was built by Karl Benz in 1885. Buses with petrol engines soon replaced horse-drawn buses and cars took over the roads.
The earliest form of public transport was on water.
Boats with sails were used in Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Chinese engineers built canals for carrying boats.
The railway age began in 1814.
People worried that the speed of the railway was too high.
The buses that replaced horse-drawn buses ran on petrol.